Abstract Archives of the RSNA, 2006
Cardiac Volumes and Masses in Elderly Endurance Athletes
Presented on November 26, 2006
Presented as part of SSA08: Cardiac (MR)
Torleif Anaxagoras Sandner MD, Presenter: Nothing to Disclose
Stefan Moehlenkamp MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Kai Nassenstein, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Frank Breuckmann, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Peter Hunold MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Joerg Barkhausen MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
The impact of endurance sports on cardiovascular parameters is well documented. However, most studies were performed in young volunteers only, and the results are not transferable to elderly patients, which are the typical cohort for cardiovascular exams. Therefore, our study aimed to investigate the impact of endurance sports on cardiac function in elderly marathon runners and to establish a database of left ventricular volumes and masses using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance.
We studied 110 male volunteers (mean age 57,6±5,6 years; range 50-72 years) who had completed at least 5 marathons within the last 3 years. Inclusion criteria were age above 50 and below 75 years, no known history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension or diabetes and a normal resting electrocardiogram (ECG). All CMR examinations were performed on a 1.5 Tesla MR scanner (Avanto, Siemens Medical Solutions, Erlangen, Germany) using the steady-state-free-prececession sequences (TR 40ms, TE 1,2ms, FA 80°). MR images were analysed using the Argus software and semiautomatic contour detection.
Left ventricular volumes (EDV 137,2 ± 31,8 ml; ESV 51,9 ± 17,4) and ejection fraction (62 ± 8%) turned out to be comparable to previously published data of “non-athletic” study groups whereas the mean left ventricular mass (LVM 141 ± 27g) was significantly higher. Normalized values were as follows: EDV 73,7 ± 14,3ml, ESV 24,6 ± 6,5ml and myocardial mass 77,5 ± 13,0g.
In a group of 110 elderly marathon runners we clearly demonstrated the effects of endurance sports on “old” hearts. „Old“ hearts adapt to endurance sports with hypertrophy, but did not show any ventricular dilatation, which is a common finding in young athletes.
An increased LV mass has to be taken into account diagnosing left-ventricular hypertrophy in elderly endurance athletes.
Cardiac Volumes and Masses in Elderly Endurance Athletes. Radiological Society of North America 2006 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting, November 26 - December 1, 2006 ,Chicago IL. http://archive.rsna.org/2006/4433978.html