Abstract Archives of the RSNA, 2003


E15-496

Long-term Complications of Fractionated High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Boost for Advanced Cervical Cancer

Scientific Papers

Presented on December 1, 2003
Presented as part of E15: Radiation Oncology and Radiobiology (Gynecological Cancer)

Participants

James Fugazzi MD, MPH, PRESENTER: Nothing to Disclose

Abstract:Purpose/Objective: To determine the long-term, grade III or higher complications of fractionated high-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy boost added to external beam radiation (EBRT) in the treatment of advanced cervical cancer. Materials/Methods: From 1988 until 2000, 249 patients with advanced cervical cancer were treated with EBRT and Ir-192 HDR brachytherapy, at 386 cGy per fraction, prescribed to point A (500 cGy low-dose rate equivalent). Using a ring-and-tandem applicator, a total of 8 to 12 insertions were administered, alternating daily with an EBRT sidewall boost (if necessary). The median dose to point A was 7980 cGy (range 5660 to 9040 cGy) and the median HDR dose was 3088 cGy (range 772 to 5018 cGy). The median age was 52 years (range 19 to 89 years). Thirty-seven percent were white and 63% were black. Histology was as follows: 84% squamous cell, 8% adenocarcinoma, 4% adenosquamous and 4% other. FIGO staging was as follows: 38% were IB, 7% were IIA, 34% were IIB, 1% were IIIA, 19% were IIIB and 1% were IVA. Overall, 10% (n=25) had an attempt at surgical resection. Results: With a median follow-up period for surviving patients of 46 months (range 4 to 157 months), 5.2% (n=13) experienced grade III or higher complications. Six involved one site (1 rectal, 1 sigmoid colon, 3 small bowel and 1 other site), 5 involved two sites and 2 involved three sites. Among those with three sites of involvement, one had a prior retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and one required a colostomy. Thirty-one percent (n=4) with and 37% (n=87) without complications received chemotherapy (p=NS). Fifteen percent (n=2) with and 37% (n=21) without complications received radiation to the peri-aortic lymph nodes (p=NS). The median HDR dose and the median point A dose was identical between groups. Overall survival between those with and without complications was 38% and 49%, respectively (p=0.15). On univariate analysis, no factor, including age, race, histology, stage, chemotherapy administration, point A dose or peri-aortic radiation was significantly associated with complication rate. Conclusions: Based upon this large retrospective review, the use of fractionated HDR brachytherapy boost for advanced cervical cancer is associated with a favorable complication rate. This series is comparable to other reports of HDR-related toxicity. Questions about this event email: jfugazzi@dmc.org

Cite This Abstract

Fugazzi MD, MPH, J, Keole MD, S, Patel MD, R, Han MD, PhD, I, Saad MD, A, Lo, S, et al, , Long-term Complications of Fractionated High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Boost for Advanced Cervical Cancer.  Radiological Society of North America 2003 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting, November 30 - December 5, 2003 ,Chicago IL. http://archive.rsna.org/2003/3240326.html