Abstract Archives of the RSNA, 2008
Are Second Opinions on Appendicular Skeletal Trauma Accurate on Smartphones? Accuracy and Interobserver Variability Compared to Diagnostic Picture Archiving and Communications Systems (PACS) Workstations
Presented on December 3, 2008
Presented as part of SSM14: Musculoskeletal/Emergency (Skeletal Trauma)
Ne Siang Chew MBChB, Presenter: Nothing to Disclose
Dylan Rame Tsukagoshi MBBS, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Benjamin John Roberton MBChB, MRCP, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Jeremiah Christopher Healy MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Justin Charles Lee MBBS, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
To evaluate the accuracy of appendicular trauma X-ray interpretation in next-generation Smartphones (including Apple iPhone) compared with gold-standard PACS workstations.
To assess interobserver variability between Smartphones and PACS workstation reading modalities.
Two radiology trainees and two consultant musculoskeletal radiologists prospectively evaluated 40 appendicular skeletal trauma radiographs. The set of radiographs were assessed on both the Apple iPhone sent as a file attachment (jpeg) and PACS workstations respectively by all four radiologists, two weeks apart.
Responses were recorded on proformas and assessed against a gold standard which was taken as a consultant opinion obtained on a diagnostic PACS workstation.
Accuracy of radiology trainee reporting using the iPhone was 93%. On the PACS workstation, the accuracy of reporting was 95%.
The accuracy of consultant reporting of the trauma radiographs on the iPhone was 98%. On the PACS workstations which is taken as gold-standard, the accuracy was 100%.
The error in reporting by the consultant team on the iPhone may be attributed to viewing of a subtle abnormality on a reporting screen with a small field-of-view and lack to imaging manipulation function.
Intraobserver variability (Kappa value) between the iPhone and PACS workstations reading modalities on the was 0.8, indicating almost perfect agreement.
The accuracy of interpretation of appendicular trauma radiographs on the Apple iPhone is high at 93% to 98%.
However, for the radiology trainee, using a PACS workstation for interpretation of radiographs is more useful and reliable.
Smartphones such as the Apple iPhone have a future role in providing a second opinions in appendicular trauma. However, improvements in software and harware technology are vital to facilitate this.
Are Second Opinions on Appendicular Skeletal Trauma Accurate on Smartphones? Accuracy and Interobserver Variability Compared to Diagnostic Picture Archiving and Communications Systems (PACS) Workstations. Radiological Society of North America 2008 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting, February 18 - February 20, 2008 ,Chicago IL. http://archive.rsna.org/2008/6018159.html