Abstract Archives of the RSNA, 2004


SSK01-04

The Added Cancer Yield of MRI in Screening Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer: Results of the International Breast Magnetic Resonance Consortium (IBMC) Trial

Scientific Papers

Presented on December 1, 2004
Presented as part of SSK01: Breast (MR Imaging)

Participants

Constance Dobbins Lehman MD, Presenter: Nothing to Disclose
Jeffery D Blume DPHIL, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Paul T. Weatherall MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
David I. Thickman MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Nola Michiko Hylton PhD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Ellen Warner MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Etta D. Pisano MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Gia Ann DeAngelis MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Paul C Stomper MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Eric Laurence Rosen MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Michael O'Loughlin MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Steven Edward Harms MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
David Alan Bluemke MD, PhD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Stuart Schnitt MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Constantine Gatsonis DPHIL, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
Mitchell Dennis Schnall MD, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose
et al, Abstract Co-Author: Nothing to Disclose

PURPOSE

Several prior pilot trials suggest MRI may be beneficial in detecting clinically and mammographically occult breast cancers in women at high risk for breast cancer. However, the use of biopsy and cancer yield varies widely across single site pilot studies. The purpose of our study was to compare performance of screening mammography vs. MRI in women at genetically high risk for breast cancer.

METHOD AND MATERIALS

We conducted a multi-institution international prospective study of screening mammography and MRI in women > 25 years of age who were genetically high risk, defined as BRCA1 or BRCA2 carriers or with at least a 25% lifetime risk for breast cancer determined by either the Claus, Gail, Couch, or Berry-Parmigiani risk models. Women with a history of breast cancer were eligible for a contralateral screen if diagnosed within 5 years or a bilateral screen if diagnosis was greater than 5 years. All exams (MRI, mammography, and clinical breast exam) were performed within 90 days of each other.

RESULTS

A total of 390 eligible women were enrolled at 13 sites over a 30 month period and 367 women completed all study exams. Imaging evaluations recommended 38 biopsies and 27 were performed resulting in four cancers for an overall 1.1% cancer yield (95% CI is 0.3% to 2.8%). MRI detected all 4 cancers while mammography detected only 1. The diagnostic yields of MR vs. mammography were 1.1% and 0.3% respectively; thus, the added cancer yield of MRI was 0.8% (95% CI is 0.2% to 2.4%). The biopsy recommendation rates for MRI and mammography were 8.5% (95% CI is 5.8% to 11.8%) and 2.2% (95% CI is 0.1% to 4.3%). The positive predictive values of MRI and mammography were similar at 12.9% (95% CI is 3.6% to 30%) and 12.5%(95% CI is 0.3% to 52.7%).

CONCLUSIONS

Screening MRI in high risk women can detect mammographically and clinically occult breast cancer. Screening MRI resulted in 6% of women with a negative mammogram and CBE being recommended for biopsy.

Cite This Abstract

Lehman, C, Blume, J, Weatherall, P, Thickman, D, Hylton, N, Warner, E, Pisano, E, DeAngelis, G, Stomper, P, Rosen, E, O'Loughlin, M, Harms, S, Bluemke, D, Schnitt, S, Gatsonis, C, Schnall, M, et al, , The Added Cancer Yield of MRI in Screening Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer: Results of the International Breast Magnetic Resonance Consortium (IBMC) Trial.  Radiological Society of North America 2004 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting, November 28 - December 3, 2004 ,Chicago IL. http://archive.rsna.org/2004/4406021.html